NCLEX Mitral Valve Prolapse Review

NCLEX Mitral Valve Prolapse Review

Mitral Valve Prolapse Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) (a.k.a. floppy mitral valve syndrome, systolic click murmur syndrome or billowing mitral leaflet) is a valvular heart disease characterized by the displacement of an abnormally thickened mitral valve leaflet into the left atrium during systole. It is the primary form of myxomatous degeneration of the valve. There are various types of […]

NCLEX Aortic Stenosis Review

  Aortic Stenosis Overview Aortic stenosis (AS or AOS) is the narrowing of the exit of the left ventricle of the heart, such that problems result. It may occur at the aortic valve as well as above and below this level. It typically gets worse over time. Symptoms often come on gradually with a decreased […]

NCLEX Atrial Septal Defect

  Atrial Septal Defect Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a congenital heart defect in which blood flows between the atria (upper chambers) of the heart. Normally, the atria are separated by a dividing wall, the interatrial septum. If this septum is defective or absent, then oxygen-rich blood can flow directly from the left side of […]

NCLEX Muscular Dystrophy Review

  Muscular Dystrophy Overview Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a group of muscle diseases that weaken the musculoskeletal system and hamper locomotion (walking or moving ).  Muscular dystrophies are characterized by progressive skeletal muscle weakness, defects in muscle proteins, and the death of muscle cells and tissue. Signs and Symptoms The main sign of muscular dystrophy is […]

NCLEX Myasthenia Gravis Review

  Myasthenia Gravis Overview Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a neuromuscular disease that leads to fluctuating muscle weakness and fatigue. In the most common cases, muscle weakness is caused by circulating antibodies that block nicotinic acetylcholine receptors at the post-synaptic neuromuscular junction. By blocking the ability of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine to bind to these receptors in the […]

NCLEX Tetralogy Of Fallot Review

Tetralogy Of Fallot Review For NCLEX Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a congenital heart defect which is classically understood to involve four anatomical abnormalities of the heart (although only three of them are always present). It is the most common cyanotic heart defect and the most common cause of blue baby syndrome.  TOF is usually a […]

NCLEX Cirrhosis Online Review

  NCLEX Cirrhosis Online Review Cirrhosis is a late stage of scarring (fibrosis) of the liver caused by many forms of liver diseases and conditions, such as hepatitis and chronic alcoholism. The liver carries out several necessary functions, including detoxifying harmful substances in your body, cleaning your blood and making vital nutrients. Cirrhosis occurs in […]

NCLEX Diabetes Online Review

NCLEX Diabetes Online Review Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar (glucose). Glucose is vital to your health because it’s an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues. It’s also your brain’s main source of fuel. If diabetes is […]

CCRN Pericarditis Review

CCRN Pericarditis Review Pericarditis Overview Pericarditis is swelling and irritation of the pericardium, the thin sac-like membrane surrounding your heart. Pericarditis often causes chest pain and sometimes other symptoms. The sharp chest pain associated with pericarditis occurs when the irritated layers of the pericardium rub against each other.  Pericarditis usually begins suddenly but doesn’t last […]

NCLEX Hypertension Online Review

NCLEX Hypertension Online Review High blood pressure is a common condition in which the long-term force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough that it may eventually cause health problems, such as heart disease. Blood pressure is determined both by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance […]